Conditional Sentence in Study Online Bd
অন্যান্য শ্রেণী ও বিষয়

বি সি এস : ইংরেজি



         Conditional Sentence

3 basic and major structures:

 

Structure-1:

If যুক্ত clause টি  present tense হলে অপর  clause টি

হবে present / future tense

   Example:

* If they invite me, I will go there.

* If he gets, he eats.

* If he has time, he usually goes to school on foot.

* If man drinks poison, he dies.

 

 

Structure-2:

If যুক্ত clause টি  past indefinite tense হলে অপর

clause টি হবে -

* Subject +   /could/might/would+V.base form + others.

 

 Example:

* If I wrote them, they would respond me soon.

* Rana would consol them if they cried at the

   absent of their parents

 

Structure-3:

If যুক্ত clause টি  past perfect tense হলে অপর

clause টি হবে-

* Subject +  /could/might/would+ have + v.p.p + others

Example:

* If they had had much money, they might

   have been happy.

* If she had studied hard, she could have

  obtained a first class.

 

Some Other Important Structures:    

 

Structure-4:

Were/Had+subject+others+অপর Clause টি

হবে -

* Subject +     /could/might/would+ v. base form + others

Example:

* Were they studious, they could obtain the degree.

* Had I much money, I would buy a car.

 

Structure-5 :

            Had + sub + v.p.p + others + অপর clause টি হবে-

 

  

      * Subject +   /could /might/would+ have + v.p.p + others

 

   Example:

* Had she found the right buyer, she might have sold the house.

* Had they given money to the people, they would have made them happy.

 

Structure-6 :

Unless / যদি না :

* Unless + affirmative verb + -----  + negative verb.

Or,

* Subject + verb + unless + subject + verb in present form.

 

Example:

I can’t go unless I finish my work.

Unless I hurry, I’ll miss my bus.(If I don’t hurry, I’ll miss my bus.)

 

Structure-7

In case / পাছে যদি (শর্তহীন্তা বুঝায়)

I’ll give you the book, in case you need it.

 

Sample Question:

 

Q. Had we reached the station, we......celebrated the function.

a. would have              b. could have been

c. might be                   c. would be