Conditional Sentence in Study Online Bd
অন্যান্য শ্রেণী ও বিষয়

বি সি এস : ইংরেজি



Conditional Sentence

 

3 basic and major structures:

Structure-1: 

If যুক্ত clause টি  present tense হলে অপর  clause টি হবে present / future tense

  

Example:

* If they invite me, I will go there.

* If he gets, he eats.

* If he has time, he usually goes to school on foot.

* If man drinks poison, he dies.

 

Structure-2:

If যুক্ত clause টি  past indefinite tense হলে অপর clause টি হবে -

* Subject +   /could/might/would+V.base form + others.

Example:

* If I wrote them, they would respond me soon.

* Rana would consol them if they cried at the

absent of their parents

Structure-3:

If যুক্ত clause টি  past perfect tense হলে অপর clause টি হবে-

* Subject +  /could/might/would+ have + v.p.p + others

Example:

* If they had had much money, they might  have been happy.

* If she had studied hard, she could have obtained a first class.

 

Some Other Important Structures:    

Structure-4: 

Were/Had+subject+others+অপর Clause টি হবে -

* Subject + /could/might/would+ v. base form + others

Example:

* Were they studious, they could obtain the degree.

* Had I much money, I would buy a car.

Structure-5 :

Had + sub + v.p.p + others + অপর clause টি হবে-

* Subject +   /could /might/would+ have + v.p.p + others

 Example:

* Had she found the right buyer, she might have sold the house.

* Had they given money to the people, they would have made them happy.

 

Structure-6 :

Unless / যদি না :

* Unless + affirmative verb + -----  + negative verb.

Or,

* Subject + verb + unless + subject + verb in present form.

 

Example:

I can’t go unless I finish my work.

Unless I hurry, I’ll miss my bus.(If I don’t hurry, I’ll miss my bus.)

Structure-7

In case / পাছে যদি (শর্তহীন্তা বুঝায়)

I’ll give you the book, in case you need it.

Sample Question:

Q. Had we reached the station, we......celebrated the function.

a. would have   

b. could have been

c. might be                 

 c. would be

প্রতিদিন রাত ৮ঃ৩০ মিনিটে অধ্যায় ভিত্তিক Daily Exam পরীক্ষায় অংশগ্রহণ করুন।বিসিএস এবং প্রাইমারির জন্য প্রতিদিন পরীক্ষা হয়ে থাকে আমাদের ওয়েবসাইটে। সম্পূর্ণ ফ্রিতে রেজিস্ট্রেশন করুন আমাদের ডিজিটাল শিক্ষামূলক ওয়েবসাইটে।